Tiny optical elements could one day replace traditional refractive lenses

Eurekalert  March 28, 2019 Metalenses are currently limited by their static and their complex and expensive fabrication and for imaging operations such as zooming and focusing. Most metalenses cannot adjust their focal spots without physical motion as the building blocks of these lenses are made of hard materials that cannot change shape once fabricated. Researchers at Northwestern University built a flat and versatile lens out of an array of cylindrical silver nanoparticles and a layer of polymer patterned into blocks on top of the metal array. By simply controlling the arrangement of the polymer patterns, the nanoparticle array could direct […]