Researchers develop a method for predicting unprecedented events

Science Daily  July 23, 2020 Challenging the quintessentially unpredictable nature of black swan events researchers at Stanford University developed a forecasting method based on natural systems. They leveraged increasingly available long-term high-frequency ecological tracking data, to analyze multiple natural and experimental ecosystems (marine plankton, deciduous forest), and recovered hidden linearity embedded in universal ‘scaling laws’ of species dynamics. They developed a method using these scaling laws to reduce data dependence in ecological forecasting and accurately predict extreme events beyond the span of historical observations in diverse ecosystems. They would like to expand the application of their method to other systems […]

Back To The Elusive Future

IEEE Spectrum  January 3, 2020 Spectrum’s editors make every effort to bring the coming year’s important technologies to your attention. Some they get right, others less so. The software pioneer Alan Kay has said that the best way to predict the future is to invent it, and that’s what we’ve been busy doing. The public understands that we’re creating the future, but they think that we know what we’re doing and that there’s a master plan in there somewhere. However, the world evolves haphazardly, bumbling along in unforeseen directions. Some seemingly great inventions just don’t take hold, while overlooked innovations […]

Physics in the 2020s: what will happen over the decade ahead

Physics World  December 31, 2019 Many of the successes in physics over the last decade were honoured by Physics World through our annual Breakthrough of the Year . According to Physics World there will be plenty of downs as well as ups over the next 10 years. Physicists discoveries have transformed everyday life, not least in how we communicate. Powered by developments in semiconductor physics and optics, smartphones continue to be ever lighter, faster and more powerful over the next decade; Quantum computing and communication will become mainstream; Physics experiments will generate ever more data and analysing that information using artificial […]

New technology developed to improve forecasting of Earthquakes, Tsunamis

Science Daily  November 22, 2019 Techniques currently available for seafloor monitoring work best in the deeper ocean where there is less noise interference. An international team of researchers (USA – University of South Florida, Italy) has developed and tested a new high-tech shallow water buoy that can detect the small movements and changes in the Earth’s seafloor that are often a precursor to deadly natural hazards. The seafloor geodesy system is an anchored spar buoy topped by high precision GPS. The buoy’ orientation is measured using a digital compass that provides heading, pitch, and roll information — helping to capture […]

By 2060 the Airplane Industry Will Be Mostly Gone

Next Big Future  October 5, 2019 According to IATA and other aviation journals the number of passengers transported by airlines will double by 2040 to around 8.5 billion passengers. The total operating mileage of China’s high-speed rail network is predicted to exceed 50,000 km by 2030–2035, thus revolutionizing land-based travel. China is developing two types of next-generation trains, one class which can carry passengers at a top speed of 500 kilometers (310 miles) an hour and cargo at 250km/h, with wheels that can adjust to fit different track gauges used around the world. China is also developing maglev trains capable […]