Spotting cutting-edge topics in scientific research using keyword analysis

Science Daily  October 24, 2019 An international team of researchers (Japan, Taiwan) used bibliometric analyses targeting data of about 30 million published articles from 1970 to 2017 on PubMed to test their hypothesis that existing emerging topics contribute to the generation of new emerging topics in that field. They collected emerging keywords from medical subject headings attached to each article and performed co-word analyses of each emerging keyword 1-year prior to it becoming an emerging keyword. About 75% of total emerging keywords, at 1-year prior to becoming identified as emerging, co-appeared with other emerging keywords in the same article. Most […]

MIT launches digital content library for workforce learning on emerging technologies

MIT News  October 8, 2019 In the age of blockchains, 3D printing, CRISPR-Cas9 today’s workforce is struggling to keep up with the latest developments. To address this unmet need, MIT has assembled a team of writers, educators, and subject matter experts from both academia and industry to power a digital content library designed to help organizations keep their workforces apprised of the latest developments in technology and science. Known as MIT Horizon MIT Horizon  , the platform contains bite-sized articles, videos, and podcasts on emerging technologies, with early topics including additive manufacturing, artificial intelligence, blockchain technology, and robotics. The content delivered […]

Understanding the essentials of global innovation

Eurekalert  August 19, 2019 Relevant for both academics and practitioners, the book, Managing innovation: Internationalization of Innovation explores a diverse view on the international innovation process. It presents main research milestones on the internationalization of innovation and discusses current phenomena like lean and global innovation, with case studies from China, Germany, India and Russia. The book also provides readers with a unique insight into this interesting industry by giving a structured overview of mobile technologies…read more.

Evolving Computers from Tools to Partners in Cyber-Physical System Design

DARPA  August 2, 2019 Designing cyber-physical systems (CPS), which are critical for the DOD systems and programs, require an army of skilled engineers, domain-specific tools requiring long design cycles. To address these issues DARPA created the Symbiotic Design for Cyber Physical Systems (Symbiotic Design) a part of DARPA’s AI Next campaign – a multi-year, $2 billion investment into new and existing programs focused on the development and application of “Third Wave” AI technologies. DARPA views the Third Wave of AI as the development of systems that are capable of acquiring new knowledge through generative contextual and explanatory models…read more. Solicitation

Pace of Super-technology Will Define the 21st Century

Next Big Future  July 8, 2019 The highest potential super-technologies are ones which will enhance intelligence and human control of the material world at molecular and other levels. The super-technologies are: Genome editing applied to cognitive enhancement and antiaging Molecular nanotechnology for nanomedicine, next level computation AI and quantum computers..read more.

Light-powered nano-organisms consume carbon dioxide, create eco-friendly plastics and fuels

Science Daily  June 11, 2019 Researchers at the University of Colorado (Boulder) found that, by diffusing the specially tailored quantum dots into the cells of common microbial species found in soil, they were able to trigger photosynthesis enzymes within microbial cells to convert airborne CO2 and nitrogen. These “living factories” eat harmful CO2 and convert it into useful products such as biodegradable plastic, gasoline, ammonia and biodiesel. They have shown that the cells could exceed their natural yield by close to 200 percent. Different combinations of dots and light produce different products: Green wavelengths cause the bacteria to consume nitrogen […]

Researchers transmit data via a semiconductor laser, opening the door to ultra-high-speed Wi-Fi

Phys.org  April 25, 2019 Previously the team of researchers in the US (Harvard University, Texas A&M, MIT Lincoln Laboratory) discovered that an infrared frequency comb in a quantum cascade laser could be used to generate terahertz frequencies, quantum cascade laser frequency combs could also act as integrated transmitters or receivers to efficiently encode information. Now they created a dipole antenna on the electrode of the device, modulated the frequency comb to encode information on the microwave radiation created by the beating light of the comb. Using the antenna, the microwaves containing the encoded information are radiated out from the device. […]

Forecasting contagious ideas: ‘Infectivity’ models accurately predict tweet lifespan

Science Daily  April 17, 2019 Models of contagion dynamics, originally developed for infectious diseases, have proven relevant to the study of information, news, and political opinions in online social systems. An international team of researchers (UK, USA – University of North Carolina) used about one month of Twitter data — comprising over 12 million tweets and more than 1.5 million retweets — and estimated each tweet’s infectivity based on the network dynamics of the first 50 retweets associated with it. They tested the ability of the infectivity-based model to predict the virality of retweet cascades and compared its performance to […]

Cornell Engineers Create a Robotic Material That Displays 3 of The Key Traits For Life

Science Alert  April 21, 2019 Researchers at Cornell University have created a new biomaterial called DASH: DNA-based Assembly and Synthesis of Hierarchical materials, that isn’t alive, but exhibits three key traits for life: metabolism, self-assembly, and organisation. It can crawl forward like a slime mold, grow new strands from the front as the old ones at the back decay and fall away. At the core of DASH are nanoscale building blocks that can rearrange materials into polymers and eventually larger shapes, all from chains of repeating DNA. The material is grown from a 55-nucleotide base seed sequence, which when combined […]